Roth IRA

What is a Roth IRA?

A Roth Individual Retirement Account (IRA) is a tax-deferred investment that helps you build your retirement savings.

How does a Roth IRA work?

  • Tax-deferred investment: You pay taxes on your contributions now and any growth is tax-free (based on your income at the time of contribution).
  • Tax-free withdrawals: Because you contribute using after-tax money, you don’t pay any taxes when you withdraw money from your account.1

What are the features of a Roth IRA?

In addition to tax-free advantages,1 a Roth IRA lets you:

  • Pay no taxes on your investment earnings, as long as you follow the Roth IRA rules.
  • Get access to a broad range of investment options to help meet your needs.
  • Consolidate other qualified accounts into the IRA, so your savings are in one spot.
  • Save in a Roth IRA even if you already have an employer plan, like a 401(k).

Who can contribute to a Roth IRA?

As long as you are still earning income and your income does not exceed certain thresholds, you can contribute to a Roth IRA.

to help you determine if a Roth IRA might be a good choice for you, and as a starting point to discuss with your financial professional.

Compare a Roth IRA and a traditional IRA

traditional IRA体育网站投注 is another type of IRA you can choose. Compare a Roth IRA and traditional IRA side by side.

 Traditional IRARoth IRA
When do you pay taxes?In retirement, when you withdraw your savings.Up front, before you contribute. Your earnings then grow tax free.
Are there age limits?You can contribute at any age as long as you have earned income.2Can contribute at any age, as long as you have earned income.2
How much can you contribute?Up to $6,000; if you’re 50 or older, you can contribute an additional $1,000Up to $6,000; if you’re 50 or older, you can contribute an additional $1,000
Are there income limits?You must have earned income, but there’s no maximum limit3To contribute the full amount allowed by the IRS, your income must be below:
  • $124,0004 for a single tax filer
  • $196,0004 for a joint tax filer
Are there rules around withdrawing your money?6
  • You can withdraw money penalty-free at age 59½, or earlier for certain hardship situations
  • You have to start withdrawing money by April 1 of the year after you turn 72.5
  • You can withdraw your contributions at any time, penalty free
  • You can withdraw earnings penalty-free at age 59½, or earlier for certain hardship situations1
  • You’re not required to withdraw your money at any age
When might it make sense to invest in this account?
  • You want to save outside of an employer plan account
  • You expect you’ll be in a lower tax bracket in retirement
  • You want to save outside of an employer plan account
  • You think tax rates may be higher when you retire
  • Your income doesn’t exceed the max limit

Learn more about an IRA with Principal

Find out how Principal® can help you stay on track to reach your retirement goals. Learn more about our IRA options.

Or, open your IRA with Principal today:

Just choose the option that fits your investing style.

  • A Principal IRA keeps you in the driver’s seat. It gives you the control—with as much or as little assistance as you want to help you make informed investment decisions.
  • Principal® SimpleInvest IRA uses technology to create an investment mix personalized to you, that’s monitored and rebalanced on an ongoing basis.
  • Let us connect you with an advisor in your area to discuss a rollover IRA.

Want more information? Read our article on 3 steps for starting an IRA.

Get started

Already have an IRA with Principal?

to view account information online or add to your account.

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1体育网站投注 Your account must be open for 5 years and you must be over age 59 ½ (or meet certain other exceptions) to be eligible for qualified tax-free withdrawals.

2 Subject to IRS income limitations.

3 There may be some limits on tax deductibility if you or your spouse has a retirement plan at work.

4 Based on 2020 tax year.

5 体育网站投注Starting in 2020, the age for required minimum distributions (RMDs) increased from 70 ½ to 72. However, if you turned 70 ½ before December 31, 2019 you must take the RMD for 2019, and again in 2020 even if you're not yet 72.

6 For the year 2020, taxpayers have the option to not take an RMD. Subject to certain limited exceptions provided under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and. Economic Security (CARES) Act.

This document is intended to be educational in nature and is not intended to be taken as a recommendation. 

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